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Intel unveils its most power-efficient Meteor Lake architecture with dedicated neural processing unit

Intel has unveiled its next-generation mobile chips, known as Meteor Lake, which will be produced using the advanced Intel 4 nodes technology. Meteor Lake, also referred to as the 14th Gen Intel Core processor, uses Foveros 3D packaging and is designed for thin, light, and performance-oriented notebooks.

The Meteor Lake processor features a hybrid CPU architecture with both performance (P) and efficiency (E) cores, offering up to 14 cores or 20 threads. It includes an optimized OS scheduler and Thread director to assign tasks to the appropriate core, prioritizing power budget to enhance performance and battery life.

Additionally, the Meteor Lake processor includes a system-on-chip (SoC) tile with an integrated NPU AI engine for on-device AI computation and a low-power e-core to extend battery life. It also supports technologies like PCIe Gen5 and Thunderbolt 4, as well as 8K HDR, AV1 codecs, HDMI 2.1, and Display Port 2.1 standards.

Intel has integrated its ARC graphics for the first time on a mobile processor, claiming it offers twice the performance per watt compared to Iris Xe graphics on the 12th Gen Intel Core processors. The processor’s various components are connected by a ring fabric for high-speed data transfer between the CPU, GPU, and SoC tile.

Intel’s Intel 4 fabrication process utilizes the EUV process and is 20% more power-efficient than Intel 7, with a 2x area scaling improvement. These chips are expected to be available by the end of the year, with laptops and notebooks powered by Meteor Lake processors hitting the market in early 2024.

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