The Internet of Things (IoT) has become the fastest growing technology, with a tremendous impact on social life and corporate environments due to its quick development and ability to offer numerous services. IoT has overtaken all sectors of modern human life, including education, healthcare, and business, involving the storing of sensitive information about persons and corporations, financial data transactions, product development, and marketing. However, in today’s context, the success of IoT cannot be overlooked, as assaults and threats against IoT devices and facilities are on the rise. Cyber-attacks have become a part of IoT, endangering user data and digital societies.
Internet of Things is all about US not really about things. The human interaction with devices and digital experiences no longer sit side-by-side, they are bound ever tighter by this new way of life. It is observed that the human physical experience is moving at incredibly fast pace towards digital world than ever before, it must be protected, as digital security now directly impacts the physical world more than ever.
- Identity: It is important to associate the endpoints to the user operating the endpoint.
- Privacy: Implementing Confidentiality and Integrity of the data stored or use of PII in the IoT service or product. End-user control over the storage of PII and the security keys and security algorithms used to secure the data is paramount. All providers of IoT services that rely on consumer data – as well as any partner companies capturing or using such data – have an obligation to respect individuals’ privacy and keep personally identifiable or privacy-invasive information secure.
- Security: Starts by implementing security within the software or product development lifecycle. Implementation of Zero Trust Architecture in the devices to services ecosystem
- Availability: Ensuring constant connectivity between Endpoints and their respective services
- Strengthen the passwords: On IoT devices, most organisations use weak passwords that are configured by default. Sometimes this may be due to the large number of IoT devices to be controlled, in large organisations. However, organisations should prefer or practice using separate passwords for each device. Using strong, unique passwords and keeping track of them, as well as making sure to update them on a regular basis, is a simple yet effective way to safeguard your IoT infrastructure.
- Software and Patches: It’s critical to keep your device up to date by checking for software updates on a constant basis. If not patched with regular upgrades, IoT devices become unprotected over time. To maintain the network’s security, IT admins must make upgrades to IoT apps regularly. New software’s usually equips IoT devices with security patches and bug fixes, which increase IoT security.
- Securing Networks: IoT apps are protected from unauthorised access by firewalls, encryption, and secure connection protocols such as zero trust. Many companies are beginning to adopt the Zero Trust strategy, which is centred on the concept of “Never Trust, Always Verify.” Another method of preventing unauthorised users or hackers from entering across corporate servers is network segmentation.